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Prevention & Tests

Regardless of whether or not you are at risk for developing chronic kidney disease, it is wise to know the steps you can take to try to prevent it.

Three primary ways you can help to prevent CKD:

  1. Know if you are at risk. Become knowledgeable about CKD and determine whether or not you might be at risk for developing the disease. If you are, be proactive in your own monitoring and self-care.
  2. Keep your blood pressure under control. This can be done through a combination of diet, exercise, low salt and alcohol intake, as well as to stop smoking. (In some instances, your doctor may also prescribe medicines to assist with blood pressure control.)
  3. Monitor your blood sugar if you are diabetic. Maintaining strict control of your blood sugar levels can slow the progression of CKD. Again, this can be done through diet and proper daily monitoring of your glucose.

If you have one or more of the common symptoms described, you should consult your doctor. When you do, be sure to describe the symptoms you are experiencing and to request, specifically, one of the three tests that can detect CKD.

The three simple tests to detect CKD include:

  1. Blood pressure measurement
  2. Urine test to measure waste removal (can be done by a dipstick or more complete urinalysis)
  3. Blood test to measure waste removal

The National Kidney Foundation (NKF) sponsors a program known as the Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP®) that provides free screening to those at risk – anyone 18 years and older with high blood pressure, diabetes or a family history of kidney disease.

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